OSH Profile: Indonesia


Indonesia, with a population of 255 million, is the fourth most populated country in the world. Indonesia is shifting away from an economy dominated by the agricultural sector towards one with a greater share of activities within the industrial and services sectors, especially in urban areas. Income inequality in Indonesia is high and rising.

The Indonesian term for OSH is Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerjai, which is frequently abbreviated to ‘K3’ (pronounced ‘kay-tiga’). Prominent OSH issues in Indonesia include a high rate of accidents of unprotected workers in the construction sector, 9 weak enforcement of existing regulations, and a lack of inspection by Government officials. While there is an absence of comprehensive OSH data, indications exist that the majority of workplace accidents occur in construction. Indonesia presently lacks reliable information on OSH injuries and diseases in the informal sector.  The ILO OSH statistics database contains no information for Indonesia on the annual number of fatal occupational injuries per 100,000 workers, a key OSH indicator.

In August 2015, Indonesia ratified ILO Convention No. 187 “Promotional Framework for Occupational Safety and Health”. Consequently, the country is keen to develop its key components: a national OSH profile, policy and programme.